As a general rule, if a federal, state, or local law grants employees the right to engage in an activity or to enjoy a benefit, employees should never be disciplined, discharged, or otherwise retaliated against for requesting or attempting to do so.
To list a few key examples, state law prohibits employers from discharging employees for engaging in the following activities:
Age discrimination. Employers may not discriminate against an employee for opposing any unlawful age discrimination in an employment practice or for filing, testifying in, or participating in a hearing, investigation, or proceeding under the age bias law (AL Code Sec. 25-1-28).
Election day officials. On election day, employers with over 25 employees must excuse from work without penalty or loss of time any appointed precinct election official so that he or she can perform the duties of his or her position. The employee must provide his or her employer with documentation of the appointment and the dates of required service at least 7 days in advance of the expected absence (AL Code Sec. 17-8-13).
Garnishment. An employer may not discharge or refuse to hire anyone because his or her wages have been garnished for family support (AL Code Sec. 30-3-70).
There is more information available on this subject.
Jury duty. It is illegal to discharge or take any adverse ...