District of Columbia Aliens and Immigration laws & HR compliance analysis

District of Columbia Aliens and Immigration: What you need to know

The District of Columbia Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination in employment based on national origin (DC Code Sec. 2-1402.11et seq.).
Practices or policies that discriminate against immigrants legally eligible for employment may constitute national origin discrimination, in violation of the Act. The Act applies to all employers in the District.
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Citizenship requirements that are made a condition of employment discriminate based on national origin, in violation of the law. Inquiries about a person's citizenship or country of birth are unlawful and imply discrimination based on national origin.
The District of Columbia Office of Human Rights administers and enforces the Act. The Office has the authority to initiate, receive, and investigate discrimination complaints; hold hearings and issue conciliation agreements; issue decisions and orders; and enforce its orders in the appropriate District court.
Remedies may include hiring, reinstatement or promotion, compensatory damages, costs and legal fees, and the revoking of any permit or license issued by the District government. An individual injured by a violation of the Act may also, in certain circumstances, file a private lawsuit in District court to enforce his or her rights under the law.
For additional information, visit http://ohr.dc.gov/.
The federal Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) requires employers to verify the legal status and right to work of all new hires. To satisfy verification requirements, employers should ask all new hires for documents establishing both identity and work authorization.

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