The North Carolina Equal Employment Practices Act is enforced by the Human Relations Commission. The Commission is authorized to investigate and resolve complaints informally by conference or conciliation, hold hearings, and issue administrative rulings. If the Commission is unable to reach conciliation successfully, charges may be referred to the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
Complaints of employment discrimination by public employees are filed with the Civil Rights Division in the Office of Administrative Hearings. The Division provides a forum for an independent hearing before an administrative law judge when a dispute with a state agency arises involving a person's rights, duties, or privileges that cannot be resolved through informal procedures (NC Admin. Code Tit. 26 Chap. 3).