The Iowa Civil Rights Act prohibits employers with four or more employees from discriminating in any way against an apprentice on the basis of age, race, creed, color, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, religion, or disability, unless the characteristic is a bona fide occupational qualification. The Act's provision on age discrimination does not apply if the applicant or apprentice is under the age of 18 (unless considered by law to be an adult) or is over the age of 45 (IA Code Sec. 216.6).
Federal law compared. The federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits employers with 20 or more employees from discriminating on the basis of age in apprenticeship programs. The ADEA protects applicants and employees who are the age of 40 or older.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. Title VII and the ADA apply to employers with 15 or more employees.