An apprenticeship is a structured training program that combines classroom instruction with on-the-job training under the close supervision of a skilled and experienced journeyperson in a craft, trade, or profession. Maryland's voluntary apprenticeship program is governed by the Maryland Apprenticeship and Training Council (MD Lab. and Empl. Code Sec. 11-401 et seq.).
The Council, appointed by the governor, is part of the Department of Labor and Employment. It consists of representatives of employee and employer organizations. Females, minorities, and persons with disabilities must be represented (MD Lab. and Empl. Code Sec. 11-403). The Council publishes information on apprenticeship programs, sets minimum apprenticeship standards, registers and monitors programs, and certifies apprenticeship completion (MD Lab. and Empl. Code Sec. 11-405).
An approved training plan outlines the work process in which the apprentice will be trained and specifies an approximate length of time to be spent in each major process (MD Admin. Code Sec. 09.12.43.10). A training program must involve manual, mechanical, or technical skills and knowledge that require at least 2,000 hours of work and on-the-job training to be considered an apprenticeable occupation. An apprentice who successfully completes a registered apprenticeship receives a nationally recognized Certificate of Completion of Apprenticeship certifying the individual's skills and knowledge.
While participation in the program is voluntary, once involved, participants must follow its standards and rules. The Maryland apprenticeship program follows the standards of the federal Office of Apprenticeship (OA). There is a detailed ...