An apprenticeship is a program that combines classroom instruction or education with on-the-job training under the close supervision of a qualified journeyworker in the craft, trade, or profession. New Mexico's voluntary apprenticeship program is governed by the state apprenticeship agency, which is the New Mexico Department of Workforce Solutions (NM Stat. Sec. 50-7-3). The agency formulates standards for the program that conform to those required by the federal Office of Apprenticeship (OA). The agency approves agreements that meet the standards, has authority to terminate those that do not, and generally coordinates and monitors apprenticeship programs (NM Stat. Sec. 21-19A-1et seq., Sec. 50-7-1et seq.).
New Mexico law requires a program to be structured in accordance with federal apprenticeship law (NM Stat. Sec. 21-19A-5). An apprentice must be at least 16 years old (NM Stat. Sec. 21-19A-3(B), Sec. 50-7-2).
State programs reflect federal standards that allow the use of a competency-based approach (measures skill through successful demonstration of acquired skills and knowledge), a time-based approach (measures skill through the completion of at least 2,000 hours of on-the-job training), or a hybrid approach that blends competency with hours of training.
The sponsor of the apprenticeship program usually plans, administers, and pays for the program. Sponsors can be employers or employer associations and sometimes involve a union. When an apprentice is accepted into a program, he or she and the sponsor sign an apprenticeship agreement.
Each apprenticeship is built around an agreement between sponsor and apprentice, containing the rules, conditions, and ...