Maryland Hiring laws & HR compliance analysis

Maryland Hiring: What you need to know

Discrimination. The Maryland Fair Employment Practices Act (FEPA) prohibits employers from refusing to hire an applicant because of race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, disability, or because an individual refuses to submit to a genetic test or make test results available (Md. Code, State Gov’t § 20-601 et seq.).
The term “race” is defined to include traits associated with race, including hair texture, afro hairstyles, and protective hairstyles. The term “protective hairstyles” includes braids, twists, and locks (Md. Code, State Gov’t § 20-101).
The FEPA covers employers with 15 or more employees. More information is available at the Maryland Discrimination section.
Disabilities. Regulations issued by the Maryland Commission on Civil Rights prohibit an employer from asking a job applicant about the existence or severity of a physical or mental disability (Md. Code Regs. § 14.03.02.07). An employer may condition an offer of employment on the results of a medical exam conducted before the employee begins employment if all prospective employees in the same job category are subject to the same exam. The exam results must be kept as confidential medical records and maintained on separate forms in separate, confidential files.
Interns. Employers may not refuse or fail to offer an internship to an applicant based on any of the protected characteristics (Md. Code, State Gov’t § 20-610). The law requires employers to provide reasonable accommodation for the known disability of an otherwise qualified intern.
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Pregnancy. The Reasonable Accommodations for Disabilities Due to Pregnancy Act requires Maryland employers ...

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