Telecommuting allows employees to work part or all of their standard workweek from a remote location, seamlessly "commuting" electronically. The concept of a "mobile workforce" tasking off-site has evolved from being a convenience to a business strategy to a business necessity.
Proven advantages of telecommuting for employers are reduced costs for work space, utilities, and other overhead; lower absenteeism; increased productivity, morale, and retention; a competitive edge in hiring in larger geographic recruiting areas; possible accommodation for certain workers; and helping employees balance work/family issues.
Schedules. Telecommuting can be informal, such as during special, short-term projects; on a regular basis, such as 1 or 2 days a week; a formal arrangement for 100 percent of work time; or as part of emergency planning for storms, natural disasters, power outages, quarantines, etc.
Locations. While most telecommuters work from a home office, there are other options, including satellite offices, "hoteling" in leased space on an as-needed basis, or mobile offices.