Connecticut Physical Exams laws & HR compliance analysis

Connecticut Physical Exams: What you need to know

The Connecticut Fair Employment Practices Act prohibits employers from discriminating against applicants or employees on the basis of genetic information, present or past history of mental disability, intellectual disability, learning disability, or physical disability (CT Gen. Stat. Sec. 46a-51 et seq.). The law covers all public employers and private employers with three or more employees. Employers are prohibited from discharging, expelling, or otherwise discriminating against any person who has opposed an unlawful discriminatory employment practice (CT Gen. Stat. Sec. 46a-60).
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The Act specifically prohibits employers from:
• Requesting or requiring genetic information from an applicant for employment, or
• Discriminating against any person on the basis of genetic information.
Under the Act, "genetic information" means the information about genes, gene products, or inherited characteristics that may derive from an individual or a family member (CT Gen. Stat. Sec. 46a-60(11)).
The Act specifically prohibits an employer from requesting information about an applicant's childbearing age or plans, pregnancy, reproductive system, use of birth control, or familial responsibilities unless a bona fide occupational qualification applies (CT Gen. Sat. Sec. 46a-60).
Where there is a possibility that birth defects or damage may result to an individual's reproductive system or fetus, the employer may, through a physician, request from an employee information directly related to the possible harm that may result, provided that the employer first informs the employee about the dangers involved in exposure to hazardous materials in the workplace.

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