Telecommuting and telework allow employees to work part or all of their standard workweek from a remote location. The concept of a remote workforce has involvedevolved from a convenience to a business necessity.
Proven advantages of telework for employers are reduce costs for work space, utilities, and other overhead; lower absenteeism; elimination of weather-based closures; increased productivity, morale, and retention; a competitive edge in hiring from larger geographic areas; possible accommodations for certain workers; and promoting employees’ work/-life balance. Governments also promote telework to reduce traffic congestion and benefit the environment.
Schedules. Telecommuting can be informal, such as during special, short-term projects; on a regular basis, such as 1 or 2 days a week; a formal arrangement for 100 percent of work time; or as part of emergency planning for storms, natural disasters, power outages, quarantines, etc.
Locations. While most telecommuters work from a home office, there are other options, including satellite offices, "hoteling" in leased space on an as-needed basis, or mobile offices.