The NLRA applies to private employers engaged in interstate commerce that meet the following criteria:
• Retail concerns that have a $500,000 gross volume year
• Public utilities with a gross volume of $250,000 per year
• Nonretail business with a gross volume of $50,000 per year
The Act covers all employees except for agricultural laborers, domestic servants, individuals employed by a parent or spouse, independent contractors, supervisors, individuals employed by an employer subject to the Railway Labor Act, and government employees. The Act also covers employment at casinos operated by Native American tribes on reservations ( San Manuel Indian Bingo & Casino v. NLRB, 475 F.3d 1306 (D.C. Cir. 2007)). Thus, the NLRB’s jurisdiction is very broad and covers the great majority of nongovernment employers, including nonprofits, employee-owned ...