Michigan has adopted its own labor relations law, known as the Labor Mediation Act, to supplement the NLRA. This law applies to workers not covered by the NLRA and guarantees the right to organize to form, join, or assist a labor organization and bargain collectively through representatives of their own free choosing. The state Act does not cover domestic employees, agricultural laborers, employees of a parent or spouse, executives and supervisors, and individuals subject to the Railway Labor Act (MI Comp. Laws Sec. 423.1 et seq.).
One area that has been left to the states is the protection of a worker's right not to join a union. Many states, including Michigan, have a “right-to-work” law that prohibits compulsory union membership. Michigan is a right-to-work state for both private and public employees (MI Comp. Laws Sec. 423.14, Sec. 423.210). Under state law, individuals cannot be required, as a condition of employment, to:
• Refrain from joining or resign from a union;
• Become a member of a union;
• Pay dues, fees, or provide anything of value to a union; or
• Pay any money to a third party in lieu of union dues or fees.
This applies to employees in the classified ...