Utah Unions laws & HR compliance analysis

Utah Unions: What you need to know

The state has relatively little say in the regulation of labor unions. This is because most of the protections given to labor organizations are contained in the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), a federal law. This law is preemptive, meaning that it supersedes state law in the areas that it covers. But in the areas it does not cover, such as the rights of farmworkers and employees of businesses that do not engage in interstate commerce, the states are free to make their own provisions.
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The Utah Labor Relations Act, like its federal counterpart, guarantees the right to organize, bargain collectively, and engage in concerted activities for collective bargaining or other mutual aid and protection or to refrain from such activities. It covers all employers except certain nonprofit hospitals, the U.S. government, the state or its political subdivisions, and employers covered by the Railway Labor Act. Employees excluded from coverage include agricultural workers, domestic servants, and the child or spouse of the employer (UT Code Sec. 34-20-1 et seq.).
Unfair labor practices—employers. The following are unfair labor practices for a private employer:
• Interfering with, restraining, or coercing employees in the exercise of their labor rights
• Dominating or interfering with the formation or administration of a labor organization
• Conditioning employment or continued employment to encourage or discourage membership in a labor organization
• Refusing to collectively bargain with a representative of a majority of employees in a bargaining unit
• Bargaining collectively with a labor organization that represents less than a majority of employees in a bargaining unit
• Discharging or discriminating ...

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