Vermont Unions laws & HR compliance analysis

Vermont Unions: What you need to know

Most of the protections given to labor organizations are contained in the federal National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). The NLRA is preemptive, meaning that it supersedes state law in the areas that it covers, which include almost all types of private employment. However, in areas not covered by the NLRA, such as the rights of farmworkers and employees of businesses that do not engage in interstate commerce, the states are free to make their own provisions.
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Vermont's State Labor Relations Act covers employers with five or more employees but excludes public employers and employers covered by the federal Railway Labor Act. Most employees are covered except for domestic workers, agricultural workers, employees working for their parent or spouse, and supervisors. The Act provides protection similar to the NLRA (VT Stat. Tit. 21 Sec. 1501et seq.).
Under the State Labor Relations Act, employees have the right to self-organize, to form or join labor organizations, to bargain collectively, and to engage in concerted activities. Employees also have the right to refrain from all such activities (VT Stat. Tit. 21 Sec. 1503).
Employers. The following are unfair labor practices for an employer:
• Interfering with or restraining or coercing employees in the exercise of their labor rights
• Dominating or interfering with the formation or administration in a labor organization
• Encouraging or discouraging membership in a labor organization through the terms or conditions of employment
• Discharging or discriminating against an employee for filing a charge or giving testimony under the State Labor Relations Act
• Refusing to bargain collectively with the representatives of the ...

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