The Occupational Safety and Health Act's (OSH Act) construction standard (29 CFR 1926.50) for first aid requires that employers do the following:
- Ensure the ready availability of medical personnel for advice on matters of health in the workplace.
- In the absence of an infirmary, clinic, hospital, or physician that is reasonably accessible in terms of time and distance to the worksite, make a person available at the worksite to render first aid who has a valid certificate in first-aid training from the U.S. Bureau of Mines, the American Red Cross, or equivalent training that can be documented.
- Place the contents of the first-aid kit in a weatherproof container with individually sealed packages for each type of item, with the contents checked before being sent out on each job and at least weekly to ensure that used items are replaced.
- Provide proper equipment for prompt transportation of the injured person to a physician or hospital, or a communication system for contacting necessary ambulance services.
- In areas where 911 is not available, conspicuously post the telephone numbers of physicians, hospitals, or ambulance services.
- Have first-aid supplies located where they will be accessed in time to treat life-threatening emergencies.
- Make suitable facilities available for immediate quick-drenching or flushing of the body and eyes where employees may be exposed to corrosive material. Note: Failure to comply with this requirement is an often-cited violation by OSHA.
- Ensure that any employee designated as a first-aid provider is covered under the requirements of the bloodborne pathogens standard (29 CFR 1910.1030).