Forklifts and Mechanized Equipment (Construction) laws & safety compliance analysis

Forklifts and Mechanized Equipment (Construction): What you need to know

Mechanized equipment in construction includes earth-moving equipment and other mechanized machines used to move all types of materials at the construction site. OSHA has developed rules for the safe design and use of mechanized equipment used for construction activities, including:

  • Earthmoving equipment
  • Excavation equipment
  • Tractors
  • Forklifts and other powered industrial trucks
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Rollover protective structures (ROPS). There are additional requirements for earthmoving equipment related to ROPSs (including protective frames) and overhead protection.

Earthmoving Equipment
29 CFR 1926.602(a)

Applicability. The earthmoving equipment rule applies to scrapers, loaders, crawler or wheel tractors, bulldozers, off-highway trucks, graders, agricultural and industrial tractors, and similar equipment.

Note on mandatory consensus standards incorporated from the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), Power Crane and Shovel Association, and American National Standards Institute (ANSI): These organizations have updated the consensus standards cited in the regulation. OSHA allows employers to follow the updated consensus standards without penalty when they provide equal or greater employee protection.

Seat belts. Seat belts must be provided on all equipment and meet the requirements of the following industry consensus standards adopted by OSHA rules:

  • SAE J386-1969, Seat Belts for Construction Equipment
  • SAE J333a-1970, Operator Protection for Agricultural and Light Industrial Tractors (agricultural and light industrial tractors)

Seat belts are neither required for equipment designed only for stand-up operation, nor for equipment that does not have rollover protective structure (ROPS) or adequate ...

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Mechanized Equipment in Construction Requirements