The construction industry relies on machinery and hand and power tools to do much of the work necessary to build or repair structures or move earth. Because most machinery and power tools are capable of changing the shape or size of a material, it is also capable of doing the same to parts of the human body. According to OSHA, any machine or power tool part, function, or process that may cause injury must be safeguarded.
Hand and power tools. When the operation of a hand or power tool or accidental contact with it can injure the operator or others in the vicinity, the hazards must be either eliminated or controlled. One or more methods of tool guarding must be provided to protect the operator and other employees in the tool area from hazards such as those created by point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, and flying chips and sparks. Following are the OSHA regulations for safeguarding hand and power tools:
GENERAL MACHINE AND TOOL SAFEGUARDS
- 29 CFR 1926.300-General requirements
- 29 CFR 1926.301-Hand tools
- 29 CFR 1926.302-Power-operated hand tools
- 29 CFR 1926.303-Abrasive wheels and tools
- 29 CFR 1926.304-Woodworking tools
- 29 CFR 1926.305-Jacks (lever and ratchet, screw, and hydraulic)
- 29 CFR 1926.306-Air receivers
- 29 CFR 1926.307-Mechanical power-transmission apparatus
29 CFR 1926.300
Hand and power-operated tools. All hand and power tools and similar equipment must be maintained in a safe condition. If such equipment is designed to accommodate guards, the guards must be in place when the equipment is in use.
Moving parts to be guarded. Belts, gears, shafts, pulleys, sprockets, spindles, drums, flywheels, chains, or other reciprocating, rotating, or moving parts of equipment must be ...