OSHA requires a fire prevention plan (FPP) when applicable standards (ethylene oxide, methylenedianiline, and 1,3-butadiene) require it. However, the agency "strongly recommends" that all employers develop a plan.
The written FPP must be made available to employees for review. Employers with 10 or fewer workers may communicate the plan orally. Employees are counted by the number at a facility at any one time, not the number of workers employed.
In accordance with OSHA's FPP standard ( 29 CFR 1910.39), FPP components must include:
- A list of the major workplace fire hazards, proper handling and storage procedures for hazardous materials, potential ignition sources and their control, and the type of fire protection equipment needed to control each major hazard
- Names or job titles of employees responsible for maintaining equipment installed to prevent or control sources of ignition and fires
- Names or job titles of employees responsible for controlling fuel source hazards
- Procedures to control accumulations of flammable and combustible waste materials
- Procedures for regular maintenance of safeguards installed on heat-producing equipment to prevent the accidental ignition of combustible materials
OSHA recommends that FPPs include:
- Emergency evacuation procedures and exit route assignments
- Procedures for employees who must stay behind to maintain or curtail critical operations before evacuation
- Procedures for counting heads after evacuation is complete
- Rescue and medical duties for those assigned to perform them
- Procedures for reporting a fire or other emergency
- Names or job titles of employees who can dispense information about the EAP
Communicating the FPP. OSHA requires that when employees are assigned to a job, the ...