Indiana Fire Prevention laws & safety compliance analysis

Indiana Fire Prevention: What you need to know

Indiana has no specific law or regulation requiring employers to conduct fire drills. However, Indiana's own state health and safety code has adopted the safety standards of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act). The OSH Act, applicable to the private sector workplace, requires that companies with 10 or more employees have written fire prevention and emergency exit plans for each workplace. Employers with fewer than 10 employees may communicate the plans orally. To ensure that the exit plan will work in an actual emergency, it is advisable to rehearse regularly with annual or semiannual drills.

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Indiana does require that schools conduct at least one tornado drill and one man-made occurrence drill per semester, in addition to five fire drills during the school year. There are also fire drill requirements for healthcare and assisted living facilities.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires an emergency action plan to include at least the following:

  • Designated monitors or guides to ensure orderly exit in emergencies
  • Emergency escape procedures and escape route assignments
  • Procedures for employees who must stay behind to maintain or terminate critical operations before evacuation
  • Procedures for counting heads after evacuation is complete
  • Rescue and medical duties for those assigned to perform them
  • Names and job titles of employees who can dispense information about the emergency action plan
  • Reporting procedures
  • An employee alarm system
  • The use of floor plans or workplace maps that clearly show the emergency escape routes
  • The designation of refuge or safe areas for evacuation (i.e., parking lots or open fields away from the emergency)

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