Kansas has no specific law or regulation requiring employers to conduct fire drills. However, the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), which governs Kansas' occupational safety and health system, requires that companies with 10 or more employees have written fire prevention and emergency exit plans for each workplace. Employers with fewer than 10 employees may communicate the plans orally. Additionally, the state does require on-site inspections of businesses by local fire chiefs, on request. To ensure that the exit plan will work in an actual emergency, it is advisable to rehearse regularly with annual or semiannual drills.
Kansas has no specific law or regulation requiring private employers to conduct fire drills, with the exception of schools, childcare facilities, and preschools.
Local fire safety codes may contain additional requirements.
The Kansas State Fire Prevention Code has evacuation drill requirements for owners and operators of regulated facilities, including child care, residential care, and other regulated businesses (K.A.R. 22-18-2(a); K.A.R. 91-101/31-7.1et seq.).
The Code defines the following requirements for scheduled fire/evacuation drills:
- Drills should be unannounced, and times of drills should be varied.
- Alarm equipment found to be inoperable during a drill must be fixed immediately.
- Staff should be assigned specific responsibilities during evacuation of the building.
- Building occupants should gather at a designated safe area at least 50 feet from the building.
- Emergency plans should contain at least two alternate evacuation routes, which should be alternately practiced during drills.
- Accurate records of the drills must be kept ...