Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 51-54A-0405
Washington requires employers to conduct emergency drills, including fire drills and shelter-in-place drills, at least annually at the occupancies and frequencies specified in WAC 51-54A-0405. Each year, educational facilities must conduct at least one drill using the school mapping information system, three fire evacuation drills, and one shelter-in-place drill.
These drills must be held at unexpected times and under varying conditions to simulate emergency conditions. Where required by the fire code official, prior notification of emergency evacuation drills must be given to the fire code official.
Where a fire alarm system is provided, the emergency evacuation drills must be initiated by activating the fire alarm system. The fire alarm monitoring company must be notified before the activation of the alarm system and again at the conclusion of the transmission and restoration of the fire alarm system to normal mode. These alarm requirements, however, do not apply to drills conducted between 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. in assisted-living facilities, group homes, and residential treatment facilities.
Shelter-in-place drills must be initiated by the shelter-in-place alert signal.
During the drill, the employer must make efforts to determine if all occupants have been successfully evacuated or have been accounted for in a shelter-in-place scenario. The recall signal initiation must be manually operated and under the control of the person in charge of the premises or the official in charge of the incident. No one may reenter the premises until authorized by the official in charge.
Records must be maintained of the emergency evacuation drills and include the following ...