First aid generally includes any onetime treatment and follow-up for minor injuries, including cuts, abrasions, bruises, first-degree burns, sprains, and splinters, plus emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In the absence of an infirmary, clinic, or hospital in close proximity to the workplace, one or several workers must be properly trained to administer basic first aid, including CPR. There must be a well-stocked first-aid kit accessible to all employees. The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) does not require employers to record injuries that require only first aid on OSHA injury and illness 300 forms. The Agency encourages the placement and use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in the workplace. Employers that designate one or more employees to administer first aid as part of their job duties must comply with the requirements of the bloodborne pathogens rule.
‘FIRST AID’ DEFINED
29 CFR 1904.7(b)(5)(ii)
For purposes of defining first aid to determine if an injury or illness is recordable under OSHA rules, OSHA defines a nonrecordable injury requiring first aid and not professional medical treatment as:
- Using nonprescription medications at nonprescription strength
- Administering tetanus immunizations
- Cleaning, flushing, or soaking wounds on the skin surface
- Using wound coverings—such as a bandage, Band-Aid®, or gauze pad—or using Steri-Strips or butterfly bandages
- Using hot or cold therapy
- Using any totally nonrigid means of support, such as elastic bandages, wraps, or nonrigid back belts
- Using temporary immobilization devices while transporting an accident victim (splints, slings, neck collars, or backboards)
- Drilling a fingernail or toenail to relieve ...