Forklifts laws & safety compliance analysis

Forklifts: What you need to know

Each year, more than 34,000 injuries related to powered industrial trucks (PITs), or forklifts, occur in U.S. workplaces. Many employees are injured when lift trucks are inadvertently driven off loading docks, lifts fall between docks and an unsecured trailer, they are struck by a lift truck, or when they fall while on elevated pallets and tines. Most incidents also involve property damage, including damage to overhead sprinklers, racking, pipes, walls, and machinery. According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), most employee injuries and property damage can be attributed to lack of safe operating procedures, lack of safety rule enforcement, and insufficient or inadequate training. OSHA rules are designed to prevent such injuries.

29 CFR 570.58 (Order 7)
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It is a violation of federal law for anyone under 18 years of age to operate a forklift under any circumstances.

29 CFR 1910.178(a)

The PIT rule contains safety requirements relating to fire protection, design, maintenance, and use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines.

Exceptions to the PIT rule. This rule does not apply to compressed air- or nonflammable compressed gas-operated industrial trucks, farm vehicles, or vehicles intended primarily for earthmoving or over-the-road hauling.

Relationship of the PIT rule to other OSHA standards. Forklifts used in logging operations must be equipped with overhead guards meeting the requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) B56.6-1992 (with addenda), "Safety Standard for Rough Terrain ...

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