Private sector (private businesses and nonprofit organizations) employers in Maine are governed by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) and OSHA’s regulations. Maine has a federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program that governs public sector (government offices and operations) employers.
The state has adopted the powered industrial truck, including forklift, safety rules by reference (Code of ME Rules (CMR) 12-179-002 for general industry and CMR 12-179-003 for the construction industry) for public sector employers (state, county, and local government agencies, commissions, and school systems).
The U.S. Department of Labor/Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) administers and enforces federal workplace safety and health requirements in private sector workplaces. The Maine Department of Labor/Workplace Safety Division administers safety and health rules for public sector workplaces.