Michigan Forklifts laws & safety compliance analysis

Michigan Forklifts: What you need to know

Comparison: State vs. Federal

Michigan has adopted the federal powered industrial trucks (e.g., forklifts) requirements for general industry workplaces, and has adopted provisions for parking brakes, operator platforms, operator qualifications, steering control, overhead guards, electrical trucks, and employee training and testing that are stricter than federal rules.

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The Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs’ Occupational Safety and Health Administration (MIOSHA) administers and enforces safety and health standards for private and public sector workplaces in the state.

State Requirements
MAC r. 408.12101 to 408.12193

Michigan's safety rules for powered industrial trucks follow federal rules, with several stricter requirements.

Industry standards adopted by reference (MAC r. 408.12111). Michigan has adopted the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) safety standards for forklifts, low-lift and high-lift trucks, rough-terrain forklifts, industrial crane trucks, operator-controlled industrial tow tractors, and manually propelled high-lift industrial trucks.

Parking brakes (MAC r. 408.12134). Parking brakes on sit-down rider trucks must be capable of holding the truck on its maximum operating grade or 15 percent, whichever is less.

Operator platforms (MAC r. 408.12136). An end control, reach, narrow aisle, order picker high-lift, order picking and stacking, and motorized hand rider truck must be equipped with a platform extended beyond the operator's position and must withstand a compression load equal to the weight of the loaded vehicle applied along the longitudinal axis of the truck with the outermost projection of the platform against a flat vertical surface. Any back protective guard must ...

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