Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Private sector (private businesses and nonprofit organizations) employers in Illinois are governed by the federal workplace safety and health rules.
Illinois has a federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program that governs public sector (government offices and operations) employers. The state, which has adopted most of the federal safety and health standards, has established penalties for violations of Illinois Health and Safety Act that apply to public sector employers (state, municipal, and school employees). See Table 1 in this section for penalty figures that pertain to specific safety violations.
• Administration and enforcement.OSHA administers the federal safety and health rules for private sector workplaces, and IDOL administers the state rules for public sector workplaces.
Illinois provides for administrative, civil, and criminal penalties for violations of its hazardous materials transportation laws. See Table 2 in this section for penalty figures that pertain to specific environmental and hazardous materials transportation violations. The sanctions listed are applicable only on a state level, and are in addition to penalties that the federal government may impose.