Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Michigan has its own federally approved state occupational safety and health plan. The Michigan Occupational Safety and Health Administration (MIOSHA) applies to all employers in both the public and private sector workplaces, except for domestic employment and mines. MIOSHA has not yet updated its civil penalties to correspond with federal OSHA’s August 2016 increases. Criminal penalties for safety violations mirror federal penalties with one addition. See TABLE 2 for state-specific penalties for violations of safety laws.
Employers that receive a citation and penalty concerning a violation of MIOSHA have 15 days to petition the appropriate division for a time extension, a condition modification, or a reprieve. If the employer does not file a petition after 15 days, the citation and penalty is final and the conditions must be met (MCL 408.1041).
• Administration and enforcement. MIOSHA enforces workplace safety and health provisions, including penalties, for both public and private sector workplaces in Michigan.