Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Montana does not have its own approved occupational safety and health regulatory program; therefore, private sector employers are regulated by the federal standards. The Montana Occupational Safety and Health Act (MSA) and the Employee and Community Hazardous Chemical Information Act (ECHCIA) apply to public (state and local governments) sector employers and contain penalty provisions that are less strict than federal penalties.
• Administration and enforcement. OSHA administers and enforces the federal workplace safety and health standards in private sector workplaces. MDLI enforces safety and health standards in public sector workplaces. DEQ enforces the hazard communication provisions of ECHCIA for public sector workplaces. VIOLATIONS OF SAFETY LAWS
| Prohibited Act || Penalty |
| Public sector safety and health: Violation poses risk of bodily injury or death to a public sector employer or member of the public || Administrative:MCA 50-71-120Temporary stop-work order punishable as a contempt of court |
| Public sector hazard communication: Knowingly violating the provisions of the rule || Civil:MCA 50-78-402Misdemeanor; each day of violation is a separate offense |