Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. The federal OSH Act governs workplace safety and health in private sector (private businesses and nonprofit organizations) workplaces. New Jersey has a federally approved occupational safety and regulatory program for public sector (government offices and operations) employers only.
• Administration and enforcement. The civil penalties for violations of the PEOSH Act are same as federal civil penalties; the state has not adopted penalties for criminal violations under the PEOSH Act. The state has adopted its own penalties for violations of the WCRKA. OSHA administers and enforces occupational safety and health requirements in the private sector workplace. LWD administers and enforces occupational safety requirements in public sector workplaces, and DHSS administers and enforces workplace chemical right-to-know rules. The Division of State Police implements and enforces regulations concerning the transportation of hazardous materials on highways in New Jersey.