Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules.Pennsylvania is not a "state plan" state; that is, it does not have a federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program. Consequently, the federal OSH Act governs workplace safety and health in the private sector in Pennsylvania. Public sector employers are subject to the employee hazard communication requirements of the state Worker and Community Right-to-Know Act.
• Administration and enforcement. OSHA administers and enforces all workplace safety and health regulations in the private sector in Pennsylvania. DOLI administers and enforces all workplace health and safety requirements in the public sector. PENNDOT's Motor Carrier Division administers and enforces rules for hazardous materials carriers.