Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. The federal OSH Act governs workplace safety and health in the private sector (private businesses, commercial establishments, and nonprofit organizations). All state government workplaces and operations are subject to the requirements of the WV OSH Act, which has adopted the federal standards by reference.
• Administration and enforcement. Federal OSHA enforces safety and health rules in private sector workplaces. DOL administers and enforces state government workplace health and safety requirements.