Comparison: State vs. Federal
Illinois is not a “state-plan” state; that is, its occupational safety and health regulatory program has not been approved by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The OSH Act governs the private sector workplaces in Illinois. The state adopted the federal OSH Act safety and health standards, including inspections, by reference for public sector employers (state and municipal agencies, schools, commissions).
Federal OSHA inspection requirements apply to private sector workplaces in Illinois where hazardous chemicals are used, manufactured, or processed. The state’s Toxic Substances Disclosure to Employees Act has additional employee right-to-know requirements that apply to both private and public sector workplaces (state and local offices). See the state section HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD for more information.
For additional information about the federal rules, see the national section INSPECTIONS.
See the TABLE for state self-inspection requirements for hazardous materials motor carriers.
The Illinois state police inspect commercial vehicles in the state.
OSHA administers and enforces workplace safety and health rules in the private sector. The Illinois Department of Labor (IDOL) administers and enforces state occupational safety and health rules for public sector employers.