Comparison: State vs. Federal
Texas is not a “state-plan” state; that is, it does not have its own occupational safety and health regulatory program. The federal rules govern workplace safety and health in the private sector (private businesses and nonprofit organizations). The only workplace safety and health law that covers public sector workplaces (state and local governments, public schools and universities, public utilities, and volunteer emergency service organizations) is the state’s Hazard Communication Act, which covers the communication of chemical hazards to employees. The state requirements for agency inspections of public sector workplaces mirror federal requirements.
In addition, Texas has adopted agriculture hazard communication rules for farms and other agricultural workplaces. The state requirements for agency inspections of agricultural sector workplaces mirror federal requirements.
See the national section INSPECTIONS for more information.
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) enforces the health and safety standards at private sector workplaces. The Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA) administers the inspections for compliance with hazard communication standards for agricultural sector workplaces. The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) administers the hazard communication program for public sector workplaces and may conduct inspections.