Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. Alabama is not a "state-plan" state; that is, it does not have a federally approved occupational safety and health program. Consequently, occupational safety and health in the private sector workplace is governed by the federal OSH Act. There is no state law that governs workplace safety in the public sector (state and local agencies, school systems).
Employers subject to state workers' compensation rules must establish a safety committee under certain conditions.
• Administration and enforcement. OSHA administers and enforces federal workplace safety and health requirements in the private sector in Alabama. The Department of Industrial Relations administers the state workers’ compensation requirements for a safety committee.
Ala. Code 25-5-15
Any employer subject to state workers' compensation rules must establish a safety committee upon the written request of any employee.
FREE CONSULTATION SERVICE
OSHA funds a service that provides free, confidential safety and health program assistance to employers, especially those in smaller businesses (under 250 employees per facility and 500 worldwide). The service, called Safe State, helps employers identify workplace safety and health hazards, provides advice on how to reduce or eliminate those hazards, and assesses facility safety and health programs. Experienced and professional safety, industrial hygiene, and ergonomics consultants provide a confidential, comprehensive written report containing their findings and recommendations. No penalties are assessed or violations cited during the consultation. The employer's obligation in accepting these services is to correct all hazards ...