• Rules. Private sector (private businesses and nonprofit organizations) workplaces are governed by the federal OSH Act. Illinois has a federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program for public sector (government offices and operations) employers. The state adopted the federal OSH Act safety and health standards by reference for public sector employers (state and local government operations); there are no additional state requirements.
• Administration and enforcement. OSHA administers and enforces workplace safety and health rules in the private sector. IDOL administers and enforces IHSA for public sector workplaces.
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYER DEFINED
820 ILCS 225/.01
The definition of “employer” that determines coverage under the state’s workplace safety and health rules in Illinois means state, county, and municipal offices and operations, state universities and colleges, school districts, and any other political subdivisions of the state. All employees in such workplaces are protected under the state’s workplace safety and health rules.