• Rules. Maryland is a “state plan” state, which means it has been given authority by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to implement a state regulatory program for occupational safety and health. Maryland has adopted the federal safety and health standards by reference and has added requirements for hazard communication, confined spaces, and construction crane operations that are stricter than federal rules. Both public (state and local government offices and operations) and private sector employers must comply with the state’s workplace safety and health regulations. Public sector workplaces in the state can apply for a variance from injury and illness recordkeeping requirements.
• Administration and enforcement. The Maryland Department of Labor has full authority to administer and enforce the state’s health and safety regulations and to conduct workplace inspections.
Public Sector Defined
Md. Code Ann., Lab. and Emp. 5-101
A “public sector” employer is any state or local governmental office or operation, quasi-public corporation of the state, school district or unit of a school district, or special unit in the state or district. All public sector employers that employ one or more employees must follow state workplace safety and health rules.
The state has adopted by reference the federal definition of a private sector employer.
COMAR 09.12.20.17 and COMAR 09.12.21.04
Public sector employers may apply for a variance from the injury and illness recordkeeping rules.