Comparison: State vs. Federal
· Rules. Nevada is a "state-plan" state, which means it has its own federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program. State law governs occupational safety and health in both the public and private sector workplaces, except for federal facilities, domestic employment, and mines. Nevada adopted the federal safety and health standards by reference, and has added state-specific requirements that are stricter than federal requirements for explosives handling, machine guarding, process safety for ammonium perchlorate, and recordkeeping. All construction site workers and supervisors must complete a 10- or 30-hour construction training course. Nevada law also requires all private and public sector employers with more than 10 employees to develop written safety plans, and employers with 25 or more employees at each worksite to establish safety committees.
For information on the federal requirements, see the national sections HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD, MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET, and OSHA.
· Administration and enforcement. The Department of Business and Industry’s Division of Industrial Relations (DIR) administers and enforces safety and health requirements in private and public sector workplaces. The Division of Workers’ Compensation administers the workers' compensation safety plan requirements.
ORGANIZATION AND RESPONSIBILITIES
DIR’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (NVOSHA) protects workers from occupational hazards by regulating employers through its occupational safety and health rules. NVOSHA performs inspections on the basis of complaints and targeted programs and issues monetary citations for serious violations of standards.
The NVOSHA ...