Comparison: State vs. Federal
• Rules. North Carolina is among the “state plan” states, which means that it has received federal approval for its own workplace safety and health regulatory program. The state plan covers both public and private sector workplaces. North Carolina adopted most of the federal safety and health standards by reference and has added state-specific requirements for hazardous waste operations and emergency response (HAZWOPER) training, safety plans, and safety committees.
• Administration and enforcement. OSHANC is administered and enforced by DOL.
OSHD performs the same regulatory and enforcment functions as federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and also provides consultation services to help employers comply with workplace safety and health rules.
Compliance Bureau. The bureau performs inspections based on complaints and targeted programs and issues monetary citations for serious violations of standards.
Agricultural Safety and Health Bureau. The bureau conducts preoccupancy inspections for migrant labor camps and conducts other inspections to ensure employers comply with agricultural safety and health rules.
Education, Training, and Technical Assistance Bureau. The bureau coordinates and conducts various outreach programs, such as safety and health schools and workshops, speaking engagements, training events, and booth displays. The bureau also reviews the federal standards for state adoption; coordinates state-specific rulemaking activities; distributes publications; and provides written, electronic, or telephone interpretive guidance to employers and employees. The bureau also processes variance requests.
An employer may ...