Comparison: State vs. Federal
· Rules. Vermont is a “state-plan” state, which means it has its own federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program. State law governs occupational safety and health in public and private sector workplaces, except for domestic employment and mines. The state has adopted the federal safety and health standards by reference, and has adopted its own state standards for permissible exposure limits (PELs) for air contaminants and lineworker safety that are stricter than federal rules. High-hazard employers must implement an accident prevention program (AAP) under state workers’ compensation rules.
For information on the federal requirements, see the national sections HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD, MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET, and OSHA.
· Administration and enforcement. The Vermont Department of Labor’s (VDOL) Occupational Safety and Health Administration (VOSHA) administers and enforces safety and health requirements in private and public sector workplaces. The Workers’ Compensation Division (WCD) administers the AAP requirements for high-hazard workplaces.
ORGANIZATION AND RESPONSIBILITIES
VDOL’s VOSHA protects workers from occupational hazards by regulating employers through its occupational safety and health rules. Agency compliance officers perform inspections of workplaces on the basis of complaints and targeted programs and issues monetary citations for serious violations of standards.
An employer may challenge the validity of citations or penalties through the Occupational Safety and Health Review Board.
VDOL’s Passenger Tramway Division prevents hazards in the construction, operation, and maintenance of ski lifts and tramways.
VOSHA Compliance ...