Comparison: State vs. Federal
Montana is not a "state plan" state; that is, it does not have a federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program. Therefore, the federal rules govern workplace safety and health in the private sector (private businesses and nonprofit organizations). The state has adopted the federal safety and health recordkeeping rules for public sector (local and state government offices and operations) employers in general industry workplaces, except that the deadline for recording an injury or illness is less strict than federal requirements. See the TABLE in this section for state-specific safety requirements.
See the national section RECORDKEEPING for more information on federal recordkeeping requirements.
The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) administers and enforces occupational health and safety in the private sector in the state. The state Department of Labor and Industry administers and enforces recordkeeping requirements affecting public facilities.