Comparison: State vs. Federal
Montana is not a “state plan” state; that is, it does not have a federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory program. Consequently, the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) governs occupational safety and health, including training requirements, in the private sector workplace. Public sector employers are subject to state workplace safety requirements. The state’s hazard communication training requirements for public sector workplaces are stricter than federal requirements. Refresher training is required on an annual basis. See the TABLE for state-specific safety training requirements.
The Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) administers and enforces the public sector hazard communication and environmental training requirements in Montana. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration administers and enforces all workplace safety and health rules in the private sector.